MULTI-PURPOSE TABLE FOR SILKSCREEN PRINTING
Ronald S. Gotico
The study aimed to construct a multi-purpose table for silkscreen printing purposes which is innovative equipment geared towards an alternative production of equipment the combines six functions and economy by making use of locally available materials. It could do the functions of a stripping table, dark room, dryer, exposure table, printing, and storage for silkscreen materials.
With these six functions combined, the uer saved from costly purchase of different machines to perform a silk screen printing job.
Furthermore, because of its six-in-one features, the table is practically a space-saver too.
This equipment is made of plywood, electrical and electronic materials. The actual machine and its actual use in the classroom strengthen its value in instruction and in the industry of graphic arts.
Keywords: silkscreen, graphic art shops, dryer, innovation
The printing method known as screen process uses porous (open) stencil as its image carrier. The stencil material is either hand-out or photographically prepared. The stencil contains the desired design or printing message.
Printing is done on paper or other material placed under the screen. Ink is poured into the frame and forced through the open areas of the stencil and mesh. A squeegee is used for this purpose. A squeegee is a device with a flexible rubber blade attached to a handle. When a squeegee is moved along a surface, ink is forced to flow in front of the rubber blade. When the surface is porous screen some of the ink is forced through the screen.
The screen process method is versatile. It is capable of applying the heaviest film of ink when compared with the other processes. Screen printing can be done on many types of materials and surfaces. These include paper, glass, wood, metal, plastic, fabric, wall-paper, and cork. Almost any size, shape and design can be printed.
Existing commercial graphic arts shops are using different devices for stripping, dark room, dryer, exposure, printing, storing silkscreen materials. These brought about excessive loss of man-hours expected for silkscreen production because of frequent movement of the worker from one area to another. This brought the concept of coming up with an innovative design of a multipurpose table that can be used for different silkscreen process without leaving the working areas.
Relative information about the historical background and nature of silkscreen printing were thoroughly gathered. Existing devices used by commercial silkscreen printing shops were examined extensively.
Designing and Layout
Preliminary design of the multipurpose table was carried out after observation of silkscreen facilities in commercial graphic arts shops in Cabanatuan City and from nearby towns. A final blueprint or drawing was made indicating proper sizes and layout for the project.
Procurement of Supplies and Materials
The needed supplies and materials for the construction of the project were purchased in order to start its construction immediately.